Ole Scheeren/ OMA’s Design For MahaNakhon Unveiled
‘MahaNakhon will be the most ambitious complex of contemporary architecture and design in Thailand and the tallest building in Bangkok.’
Having recently completed Beijing’s CCTV Tower, widely considered among the world’s most imaginative contemporary architectural feats, acclaimed German architect Ole Scheeren, Partner, Office for Metropolitan Architecture (OMA), has conceived his first skyscraper: MahaNakhon, a dazzling, pixilated 77-story tower, will be the tallest building in Thailand’s capital, home to a lush urban oasis with public gardens and a major transportation hub, luxury retail, residences, a new public square, and a five-star hotel created by New York’s Ian Schrager to be completed 2012.
In the 125 years since William Le Baron Jenney’s ten-story Home Insurance Building in Chicago became the world’s first skyscraper, the spectacle of soaring towers has become increasingly common wherever land is scarce, allowing cities to stack life ever taller, denser and more dynamic. Like cathedrals and palaces of the past, skyscrapers today define their cities’ identities as they shape the skyline. As the late critic Herbert Muschamp wrote of these modern wonders, ‘Contemporary architects reveal the inner world in the process of adorning the outer one.’
Beginning in Fall 2009, the city of Bangkok – home to an estimated 15 million people – will start to embrace an unprecedented new architectural manifestation of its extraordinary ‘inner world’ when construction begins on MahaNakhon, a dazzling tower designed by internationally celebrated German architect Ole Scheeren, Partner of the Office for Metropolitan Architecture (OMA).
With MahaNakhon, Scheeren, whose many landmark projects include the CCTV Tower in Beijing, has crafted a gleaming 77-story skyscraper that will be the tallest building in Thailand’s capital. The design moves beyond the traditional formula of a seamless, inert, glossy totem, and instead actively engages the city: MahaNakhon’s pixilated and carved presence embraces and connects to the surrounding urban fabric rather than overpowering it.
Its glittering stacked surfaces, terraces and protrusions will simultaneously create the impression of digital pixilation and echo the irregularity of ancient mountain topography. This architectural geography is conceived to convey the energy, intensity and inclusiveness of Thai society and celebrate Bangkok’s emergence as a true global capital, fitting the Thai meaning of the name MahaNakhon, translated as ‘great metropolis’. MahaNakhon is developed by PACE Development Co., Ltd. of Bangkok with joint venture partner Industrial Buildings Corporation Public Company Ltd (IBC).
The complex, at 150,000 square meters (approximately 1,6 million square feet) seeks to communicate intimately with Bangkok from the ground up: its series of components comprise MahaNakhon Square, a landscaped outdoor public plaza intended as a new public destination within the city; MahaNakhon Terraces, 10,000 square meters (nearly 110,000 square feet) of luxury retail space with lush gardens and terraces spread over multiple levels for restaurants, cafes and a 24 hour marketplace;
The Ritz-Carlton Residences, Bangkok with 200 highly-customized single-level and duplex homes, each offering the atmosphere of a skybox penthouse, managed by The Ritz-Carlton with five-star amenities for all residents; The Bangkok Edition, a signature boutique hotel with 150 hotel rooms, a collaboration between Marriott International and renowned hotelier Ian Schrager; and a multi-level roof-top Sky Bar and restaurant.
Sorapoj Techakraisri, CEO of PACE Development describes MahaNakhon as, ‘the result of a strongly held wish to do something for Thailand that is both an enduring architectural symbol and a very real and practical example of a firm commitment to, and confidence in, our nation’s long term economic prosperity and cultural diversity. MahaNakhon will be the city’s tallest building, but more significantly it will accurately represent the audacity of Bangkok today – the optimism and strength of Thai culture and the value of that culture to Asia and the rest of the world.’
Dalit Braun, CEO of IBC, commented, ‘Every nation needs a symbol of confidence in its future. We believe MahaNakhon will perfectly embody the essence of a strong and forward looking country that is the gateway to Southeast Asia while serving as a bold architectural landmark. IBC feels especially privileged to be part of this truly imaginative project.’
According to its developers, MahaNakhon will be completed in 2012.
Homes available at MahaNakhon will range in size from 125 square meters (1,350 square feet) to 830 square meters (8,930 square feet) with ceilings up to 3.5 meters high (approximately 11.5 feet).
Prices for the residences range from $840,000 USD.
The Building — With its distinctive sculptural appearance, MahaNakhon has been carefully carved to introduce a three-dimensional ribbon of architectural ‘pixels’ that circle the tower’s full height, as if excavating portions of the elegant glass curtain wall to reveal the inner life of the building – metaphorically and actually an architecture that encloses and protects its inhabitants while revealing the inner life of their city.
The pixilation gives MahaNakhon an arresting profile on the skyline while generating a set of very special features to house the diverse functions of the building complex in an intelligently strategic way. Ole Scheeren’s design for MahaNakhon dismantles the typical tower and podium typology to render not a tower in isolation but instead a skyscraper that melds with the city by gradually ‘dissolving’ the mass as it moves vertically between ground and sky.
This effect begins with a series of generous, cascading indoor/ outdoor terraces at The Hill – the 7-story area of tower’s base housing luxury retail and dining. Here MahaNakhon’s architecture is articulated to evoke the shifting protrusions of a mountain landscape. The Hill Terraces fit keenly with the lush, cultivated tropical gardens that give way to the city’s own many green swaths. MahaNakhon also features an adjacent freestanding 7-story building known as the Cube, with multi-level indoor/outdoor terraces corresponding to those of the Hill Terraces across the expanse of an outdoor atrium.
The outdoor atrium forms a natural valley, offering a network of social spaces with an extensive and carefully selected mix of dining and leisure facilities that serve the general public via a direct above-ground pedestrian link to the main CBD Skytrain station and plaza-level access, The Ritz-Carlton Residences in the main tower of MahaNakhon, as well as guests of The Bangkok Edition Hotel.
MahaNakhon Square, located in front of the tower, is intimately connected to the space between The Hill and Cube. This dynamic public plaza – intended as a meeting place, a spot for planned and spontaneous cultural events – will be a landscaped retreat for the city’s inhabitants, a gathering place, a rare venue for cultural and social interactivity, with direct connection to the Chongnonsi Skytrain station and future rapid bus transit system: an urban oasis that provides refuge from the intense daily clamor of greater Bangkok while offering constant easy access for reconnection to it.
The Ritz-Carlton Residences of MahaNahkon – 200 two to five bedroom homes on floors 24 through 73 of the building – will occupy projecting glass skyboxes with sweeping views and generous indoor/ outdoor spaces with plunge pools and oversized terraces uncommon to high-rise living in global capitals but well-suited to the tropical climate of Bangkok. The tower’s ‘pixels’ have been designed to maximize unobstructed panoramas for the residences, offering rare bird’s eye views of the city and the Chaophraya River.
Residences located in the non-pixilated portions of the tower will enjoy a parallel innovation: single-level and duplex units here offer grandly scaled double height living spaces equipped with custom-designed cassette curtain wall systems with floor-to-ceiling window walls and operable ‘bi-fold balcony windows,’ as well as secondary operable ventilation panels. The bi-fold balcony windows feature glazing units that fold open inwards to the ceiling, providing an innovative and unprecedented conversion of indoor to outdoor space. Thus the MahaNakhon tower enjoys great levels of permeability and a relationship to the world beyond.
The top of the MahaNakhon tower houses a multi-level three-floor Sky Bar and restaurant with dramatic double-height spaces, private dining facilities for entertaining, and a rooftop outdoor bar with sweeping 360° views of the skyline and river, floating 310 meters (more than 1,000 feet) above the city.